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Gast­vor­trag von Prof. Dr. Bernd Hein­rich (Pro­fes­sor for Cri­mi­nal Law, Cri­mi­nal Pro­ce­du­re and Co­py­right Law at Eber­hard Karls Uni­ver­si­ty of Tü­bin­gen) am 12.07.2019, Max-Planck-In­sti­tut für aus­län­di­sches und in­ter­na­tio­na­les Straf­recht, Frei­burg | au­t­hor-meets-cri­tic ses­si­on mit Esther Ear­bin (PhD Can­di­da­te, In­ter­na­tio­nal Max Planck Re­se­arch School on Re­ta­lia­ti­on, Me­dia­ti­on and Pu­nis­h­ment; PhD­net Ex­ter­nal Re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve; PhD­net Ge­ne­ral Se­cre­ta­ry Max Planck So­cie­ty).

The penal pro­vi­si­ons of the Ger­man Co­py­right Act (§§ 106 ff. Ur­hG) are clas­sic pro­vi­si­ons of sup­ple­men­ta­ry cri­mi­nal law. Be­ha­vi­or pro­hi­bi­ted by the Co­py­right Act is pu­nis­ha­ble un­der the­se re­gu­la­ti­ons. The Co­py­right Act is pri­ma­ri­ly ci­vil law. It main­ly re­gu­la­tes ci­vil law claims, in par­ti­cu­lar in­junc­ti­ve re­li­ef and claims for da­ma­ges. Apart from that, ho­we­ver, it al­so de­fi­nes when a co­py­righ­ted work exists and what is to be un­der­stood by re­pro­duc­ti­on, dis­tri­bu­ti­on or com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on of the work to the pu­blic. Fur­ther­mo­re, the con­di­ti­ons un­der which such an ac­ti­on is per­mis­si­ble or pro­hi­bi­ted find their re­gu­la­ti­on.
If the­re is an – un­der ci­vil law – pro­hi­bi­ted act, the be­ha­vi­or is re­gu­lar­ly pu­nis­ha­ble. In this re­spect, the cri­mi­nal pro­vi­si­ons of co­py­right law are “ac­ces­so­ry to ci­vil law”. The con­cept of the co­py­righ­ted work and the acts of re­pro­duc­ti­on, dis­tri­bu­ti­on and pu­blic com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on as well as the ca­ses “per­mit­ted by law” are go­ver­ned by the un­der­ly­ing ci­vil law pro­vi­si­ons. Ne­vert­he­less, ci­vil law dis­pu­tes over co­py­right is­su­es are fre­quent, but cri­mi­nal con­vic­ti­ons are ra­re. This is as­to­nis­hing, sin­ce one could as­s­u­me that any ci­vil sen­tence for co­py­right in­frin­ge­ment is fol­lo­wed by a cor­re­spon­ding cri­mi­nal con­vic­ti­on. Why this is not the ca­se will be ad­dres­sed in this lec­ture. First­ly, the prac­ti­ce of cri­mi­nal con­vic­ti­ons will be ana­ly­zed, and it will be as­ked why they ra­re­ly oc­cur. Se­cond­ly, “breakthroughs” of ci­vil law ac­ces­so­ri­ness will be ex­ami­ned, which can lead to the fact that cri­mi­nal law and ci­vil law fall apart. In a third part, re­fe­rence will be ma­de to de le­ge fe­ren­da con­si­de­ra­ti­ons.

Short bio­gra­phi­cal no­te:
Pro­fes­sor Dr. Bernd Hein­rich is current­ly the Pro­fes­sor for Cri­mi­nal Law, Cri­mi­nal Pro­ce­du­re and Co­py­right Law at Eber­hard-Karls-Uni­ver­si­ty of Tu­e­bin­gen. Pri­or to Tu­e­bin­gen, he was the Pro­fes­sor for Cri­mi­nal Law, Cri­mi­nal Pro­ce­du­re and Co­py­right Law at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Con­stan­ce and Hum­boldt-Uni­ver­si­ty of Ber­lin. Whi­le at Hum­bolt, he ser­ved as De­an and Vi­ce De­an for the Law Fa­cul­ty. A cur­rent re­se­arch fo­cus is in the area of me­dia cri­mi­nal law. In this re­spect, a ma­jor aca­de­mic re­se­arch con­tri­bu­ti­on can be found in the prac­ti­cal gui­de “Me­dia Law” (Edi­tor: Prof. Dr. Wandt­ke), now pu­blis­hed in 2nd edi­ti­on. Fur­ther­mo­re he is wor­king in the field of cor­rup­ti­on law. He is current­ly the or­ga­ni­zer of „Netz­werk Ost-West“, stu­dent ex­change pro­gram bet­ween the Law Fa­cul­ty of Tu­e­bin­gen-Uni­ver­si­ty and the uni­ver­si­ties from Lviv, Iz­mir and Sze­ged. He is current­ly the co-edi­tor of two jour­nals: Deutsch-Ge­or­gi­sche Straf­rechts­zeit­schrift (DGStZ) and Kri­mi­nal­po­li­ti­sche Zeit­schrift (Kri­Poz).