The decrease of youth crime in Sweden according to self-report studies © private

Gast­vor­trag von Prof. Dr. Ro­bert Svens­son (De­part­ment of Cri­mi­no­lo­gy, Mal­mö/Schwe­den) am 28.05.2019, Max-Planck-In­sti­tut für aus­län­di­sches und in­ter­na­tio­na­les Straf­recht, Frei­burg.

Youth cri­me has be­en found to de­cre­a­se in se­ver­al coun­tries. How can we ex­plain and un­der­stand this de­cre­a­se? Dif­fe­rent ex­pla­na­ti­ons ha­ve be­en dis­cus­sed. In this stu­dy we ex­ami­ne the Swe­dish cri­me trend among young peo­ple in the pe­ri­od bet­ween 1995 and 2017. We will be fo­cu­sing on dif­fe­rent cri­me ty­pes and pre­sent da­ta for both boys and girls. We al­so ex­ami­ne whe­ther se­ver­al po­ten­ti­al ex­pla­na­to­ry fac­tors, such as at­ti­tu­des to­ward cri­me, at­ti­tu­des to­ward al­co­hol and at­ti­tu­des to­ward school ha­ve chan­ged over ti­me in re­la­ti­on to cri­me. Ano­ther im­port­ant ex­pla­na­to­ry fac­tor that will be dis­cus­sed is whe­ther chan­ges in dai­ly rou­ti­nes could ha­ve an im­pact on the self-re­por­ted cri­me trend. In that in­stan­ce spe­ci­al at­ten­ti­on will be gi­ven to the in­cre­a­se in ti­me spent on­li­ne. This stu­dy is ba­sed on the Na­tio­nal Coun­cil for Cri­me Pre­ven­ti­on’s na­tio­nal­ly re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve school sur­vey of ye­ar ni­ne youth, i.e. 15 years of age. We will be using da­ta from the eight sur­veys con­duc­ted bet­ween 1999 and 2017. Our ana­ly­sis could be of in­te­rest in a wi­der de­ba­te on the cri­me drop.

Bio­gra­phi­cal no­te:
Ro­bert Svens­son is Pro­fes­sor at the De­part­ment of Cri­mi­no­lo­gy at Mal­mö Uni­ver­si­ty, Swe­den. He re­cei­ved his PhD in So­cio­lo­gy from Stock­holm Uni­ver­si­ty in 2004. His re­se­arch in­te­rests in­clu­de cri­me and de­vian­ce, and in par­ti­cu­lar cri­me and de­vian­ce among ado­le­scents, cri­mi­nal care­ers, cross-na­tio­nal com­pa­ra­ti­ve re­se­arch, and quan­ti­ta­ti­ve me­thods.