Rape in armed con­flict is a phe­nomen­on as old as war and armed con­flict it­self. In many armed con­flicts throughout the world rape is still a com­mon, daily prac­tice with dev­ast­at­ing con­sequences for the vic­tims and their so­ci­et­ies. The work ex­am­ines the pro­hib­i­tion of rape in armed con­flict as it ex­ists today and which con­duct it cov­ers ex­actly. To this end, the his­tor­ic de­vel­op­ment of the pro­hib­i­tion of rape in armed con­flict is ex­amined be­fore look­ing at its sig­ni­fic­ance and defin­i­tion in in­ter­na­tion­al and in­ter­na­tion­al crim­in­al law. It is also ana­lysed wheth­er the pro­hib­i­tion of rape in armed con­flict is part of cus­tom­ary in­ter­na­tion­al hu­man­it­ari­an law and wheth­er it con­sti­tutes a per­emp­tory norm of in­ter­na­tion­al law (jus co­gens). Fi­nally, the book looks on how the pro­hib­i­tion of rape is en­forced today.